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Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:
1. That §§ 16.1-260, 18.2-248.1, 18.2-250.1, 18.2-251, 18.2-252, 18.2-255.1, 18.2-258, 18.2-259.1, 18.2-265.3, 18.2-287.2, 18.2-308.1:5, 18.2-460, 19.2-386.22, 46.2-390.1, and 53.1-203 of the Code of Virginia are amended and reenacted as follows:
§ 16.1-260. Intake; petition; investigation.
A. All matters alleged to be within the jurisdiction of the court shall be commenced by the filing of a petition, except as provided in subsection H and in § 16.1-259. The form and content of the petition shall be as provided in § 16.1-262. No individual shall be required to obtain support services from the Department of Social Services prior to filing a petition seeking support for a child. Complaints, requests and the processing of petitions to initiate a case shall be the responsibility of the intake officer. However, (i) the attorney for the Commonwealth of the city or county may file a petition on his own motion with the clerk, (ii) designated nonattorney employees of the Department of Social Services may complete, sign and file petitions and motions relating to the establishment, modification, or enforcement of support on forms approved by the Supreme Court of Virginia with the clerk, and (iii) any attorney may file petitions on behalf of his client with the clerk except petitions alleging that the subject of the petition is a child alleged to be in need of services, in need of supervision or delinquent. Complaints alleging abuse or neglect of a child shall be referred initially to the local department of social services in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 15 (§ 63.2-1500 et seq.) of Title 63.2. Motions and other subsequent pleadings in a case shall be filed directly with the clerk. The intake officer or clerk with whom the petition or motion is filed shall inquire whether the petitioner is receiving child support services or public assistance. No individual who is receiving support services or public assistance shall be denied the right to file a petition or motion to establish, modify or enforce an order for support of a child. If the petitioner is seeking or receiving child support services or public assistance, the clerk, upon issuance of process, shall forward a copy of the petition or motion, together with notice of the court date, to the Division of Child Support Enforcement.
B. The appearance of a child before an intake officer may be by (i) personal appearance before the intake officer or (ii) use of two-way electronic video and audio communication. If two-way electronic video and audio communication is used, an intake officer may exercise all powers conferred by law. All communications and proceedings shall be conducted in the same manner as if the appearance were in person, and any documents filed may be transmitted by facsimile process. The facsimile may be served or executed by the officer or person to whom sent, and returned in the same manner, and with the same force, effect, authority, and liability as an original document. All signatures thereon shall be treated as original signatures. Any two-way electronic video and audio communication system used for an appearance shall meet the standards as set forth in subsection B of § 19.2-3.1.
When the court service unit of any court receives a complaint alleging facts which may be sufficient to invoke the jurisdiction of the court pursuant to § 16.1-241, the unit, through an intake officer, may proceed informally to make such adjustment as is practicable without the filing of a petition or may authorize a petition to be filed by any complainant having sufficient knowledge of the matter to establish probable cause for the issuance of the petition.
An intake officer may proceed informally on a complaint alleging a child is in need of services, in need of supervision or delinquent only if the juvenile (i) is not alleged to have committed a violent juvenile felony or (ii) has not previously been proceeded against informally or adjudicated delinquent for an offense that would be a felony if committed by an adult. A petition alleging that a juvenile committed a violent juvenile felony shall be filed with the court. A petition alleging that a juvenile is delinquent for an offense that would be a felony if committed by an adult shall be filed with the court if the juvenile had previously been proceeded against informally by intake or had been adjudicated delinquent for an offense that would be a felony if committed by an adult.
If a juvenile is alleged to be a truant pursuant to a complaint filed in accordance with § 22.1-258 and the attendance officer has provided documentation to the intake officer that the relevant school division has complied with the provisions of § 22.1-258, then the intake officer shall file a petition with the court. The intake officer may defer filing the complaint for 90 days and proceed informally by developing a truancy plan. The intake officer may proceed informally only if the juvenile has not previously been proceeded against informally or adjudicated in need of supervision for failure to comply with compulsory school attendance as provided in § 22.1-254. The juvenile and his parent or parents, guardian or other person standing in loco parentis must agree, in writing, for the development of a truancy plan. The truancy plan may include requirements that the juvenile and his parent or parents, guardian or other person standing in loco parentis participate in such programs, cooperate in such treatment or be subject to such conditions and limitations as necessary to ensure the juvenile's compliance with compulsory school attendance as provided in § 22.1-254. The intake officer may refer the juvenile to the appropriate public agency for the purpose of developing a truancy plan using an interagency interdisciplinary team approach. The team may include qualified personnel who are reasonably available from the appropriate department of social services, community services board, local school division, court service unit and other appropriate and available public and private agencies and may be the family assessment and planning team established pursuant to § 2.2-5207. If at the end of the 90-day period the juvenile has not successfully completed the truancy plan or the truancy program, then the intake officer shall file the petition.
Whenever informal action is taken as provided in this subsection on a complaint alleging that a child is in need of services, in need of supervision or delinquent, the intake officer shall (i) develop a plan for the juvenile, which may include restitution and the performance of community service, based upon community resources and the circumstances which resulted in the complaint, (ii) create an official record of the action taken by the intake officer and file such record in the juvenile's case file, and (iii) advise the juvenile and the juvenile's parent, guardian or other person standing in loco parentis and the complainant that any subsequent complaint alleging that the child is in need of supervision or delinquent based upon facts which may be sufficient to invoke the jurisdiction of the court pursuant to § 16.1-241 will result in the filing of a petition with the court.
C. The intake officer shall accept and file a petition in which it is alleged that (i) the custody, visitation or support of a child is the subject of controversy or requires determination, (ii) a person has deserted, abandoned or failed to provide support for any person in violation of law, (iii) a child or such child's parent, guardian, legal custodian or other person standing in loco parentis is entitled to treatment, rehabilitation or other services which are required by law, (iv) family abuse has occurred and a protective order is being sought pursuant to § 16.1-253.1, 16.1-253.4, or 16.1-279.1, or (v) an act of violence, force, or threat has occurred, a protective order is being sought pursuant to § 19.2-152.8, 19.2-152.9, or 19.2-152.10, and either the alleged victim or the respondent is a juvenile. If any such complainant does not file a petition, the intake officer may file it. In cases in which a child is alleged to be abused, neglected, in need of services, in need of supervision or delinquent, if the intake officer believes that probable cause does not exist, or that the authorization of a petition will not be in the best interest of the family or juvenile or that the matter may be effectively dealt with by some agency other than the court, he may refuse to authorize the filing of a petition. The intake officer shall provide to a person seeking a protective order pursuant to § 16.1-253.1, 16.1-253.4, or 16.1-279.1 a written explanation of the conditions, procedures and time limits applicable to the issuance of protective orders pursuant to § 16.1-253.1, 16.1-253.4, or 16.1-279.1. If the person is seeking a protective order pursuant to § 19.2-152.8, 19.2-152.9, or 19.2-152.10, the intake officer shall provide a written explanation of the conditions, procedures, and time limits applicable to the issuance of protective orders pursuant to § 19.2-152.8, 19.2-152.9, or 19.2-152.10.
D. Prior to the filing of any petition alleging that a child is in need of supervision, the matter shall be reviewed by an intake officer who shall determine whether the petitioner and the child alleged to be in need of supervision have utilized or attempted to utilize treatment and services available in the community and have exhausted all appropriate nonjudicial remedies which are available to them. When the intake officer determines that the parties have not attempted to utilize available treatment or services or have not exhausted all appropriate nonjudicial remedies which are available, he shall refer the petitioner and the child alleged to be in need of supervision to the appropriate agency, treatment facility or individual to receive treatment or services, and a petition shall not be filed. Only after the intake officer determines that the parties have made a reasonable effort to utilize available community treatment or services may he permit the petition to be filed.
E. If the intake officer refuses to authorize a petition relating to an offense that if committed by an adult would be punishable as a Class 1 misdemeanor or as a felony, the complainant shall be notified in writing at that time of the complainant's right to apply to a magistrate for a warrant. If a magistrate determines that probable cause exists, he shall issue a warrant returnable to the juvenile and domestic relations district court. The warrant shall be delivered forthwith to the juvenile court, and the intake officer shall accept and file a petition founded upon the warrant. If the court is closed and the magistrate finds that the criteria for detention or shelter care set forth in § 16.1-248.1 have been satisfied, the juvenile may be detained pursuant to the warrant issued in accordance with this subsection. If the intake officer refuses to authorize a petition relating to a child in need of services or in need of supervision, a status offense, or a misdemeanor other than Class 1, his decision is final.
Upon delivery to the juvenile court of a warrant issued pursuant to subdivision 2 of § 16.1-256, the intake officer shall accept and file a petition founded upon the warrant.
F. The intake officer shall notify the attorney for the Commonwealth of the filing of any petition which alleges facts of an offense which would be a felony if committed by an adult.
G. Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 12 (§ 16.1-299 et seq.), the intake officer shall file a report with the division superintendent of the school division in which any student who is the subject of a petition alleging that such student who is a juvenile has committed an act, wherever committed, which would be a crime if committed by an adult, or that such student who is an adult has committed a crime and is alleged to be within the jurisdiction of the court. The report shall notify the division superintendent of the filing of the petition and the nature of the offense, if the violation involves:
2. Homicide, pursuant to Article 1 (§ 18.2-30 et seq.) of Chapter 4 of Title 18.2;
3. Felonious assault and bodily wounding, pursuant to Article 4 (§ 18.2-51 et seq.) of Chapter 4 of Title 18.2;
4. Criminal sexual assault, pursuant to Article 7 (§ 18.2-61 et seq.) of Chapter 4 of Title 18.2;
5. Manufacture, sale, gift, distribution or possession of Schedule I or II controlled substances, pursuant to Article 1 (§ 18.2-247 et seq.) of Chapter 7 of Title 18.2;
6. Manufacture, sale or distribution of marijuana pursuant to Article 1 (§ 18.2-247 et seq.) of Chapter 7 of Title 18.2;
7. Arson and related crimes, pursuant to Article 1 (§ 18.2-77 et seq.) of Chapter 5 of Title 18.2;
9. Robbery pursuant to § 18.2-58;
10. Prohibited criminal street gang activity pursuant to § 18.2-46.2;
11. Recruitment of other juveniles for a criminal street gang activity pursuant to § 18.2-46.3; or
12. An act of violence by a mob pursuant to § 18.2-42.1.
The failure to provide information regarding the school in which the student who is the subject of the petition may be enrolled shall not be grounds for refusing to file a petition.
The information provided to a division superintendent pursuant to this section may be disclosed only as provided in § 16.1-305.2.
H. The filing of a petition shall not be necessary:
1. In the case of violations of the traffic laws, including offenses involving bicycles, hitchhiking and other pedestrian offenses, game and fish laws or a violation of the ordinance of any city regulating surfing or any ordinance establishing curfew violations, animal control violations or littering violations. In such cases the court may proceed on a summons issued by the officer investigating the violation in the same manner as provided by law for adults. Additionally, an officer investigating a motor vehicle accident may, at the scene of the accident or at any other location where a juvenile who is involved in such an accident may be located, proceed on a summons in lieu of filing a petition.
2. In the case of seeking consent to apply for the issuance of a work permit pursuant to subsection H of § 16.1-241.
3. In the case of a misdemeanor violation of §
18.2-266.1, or 29.1-738, or the commission of any other alcohol-related
offense, or a violation of § 18.2-250.1, provided
the juvenile is released to the custody of a parent or legal guardian pending
the initial court date. The officer releasing a juvenile to the custody of a
parent or legal guardian shall issue a summons to the juvenile and shall also
issue a summons requiring the parent or legal guardian to appear before the
court with the juvenile. Disposition of the charge shall be in the manner
provided in § 16.1-278.8, 16.1-278.8:01, or 16.1-278.9. If the juvenile so
charged with a violation of § 18.2-51.4, 18.2-266, 18.2-266.1, 18.2-272, or
29.1-738 refuses to provide a sample of blood or breath or samples of both
blood and breath for chemical analysis pursuant to §§ 18.2-268.1 through
18.2-268.12 or 29.1-738.2, the provisions of these sections shall be followed
except that the magistrate shall authorize execution of the warrant as a
summons. The summons shall be served on a parent or legal guardian and the
juvenile, and a copy of the summons shall be forwarded to the court in which
the violation is to be tried. When a violation of § 18.2-250.1 is charged by
summons, the juvenile shall be entitled to have the charge referred to intake
for consideration of informal proceedings pursuant to subsection B, provided
such right is exercised by written notification to the clerk not later than 10
days prior to trial. At the time such summons alleging a violation of § 18.2-250.1
is served, the officer shall also serve upon the juvenile written notice of the
right to have the charge referred to intake on a form approved by the Supreme
Court and make return of such service to the court. If the officer fails to
make such service or return, the court shall dismiss the summons without
4. In the case of offenses which, if committed by an adult, would be punishable as a Class 3 or Class 4 misdemeanor. In such cases the court may direct that an intake officer proceed as provided in § 16.1-237 on a summons issued by the officer investigating the violation in the same manner as provided by law for adults provided that notice of the summons to appear is mailed by the investigating officer within five days of the issuance of the summons to a parent or legal guardian of the juvenile.
I. Failure to comply with the procedures set forth in this section shall not divest the juvenile court of the jurisdiction granted it in § 16.1-241.
§ 18.2-248.1. Penalties for sale, gift, distribution or possession with intent to sell, give or distribute marijuana.
Except as authorized in the Drug Control Act
, Chapter 34 of Title 54.1 (§ 54.1-3400 et seq.), it shall be is
unlawful for any person to sell, give, distribute or possess with intent to sell,
give or distribute marijuana.
(a) Any person who violates this section with respect to:
(1) Not more than
one-half one ounce of marijuana is guilty of a Class 1 3 misdemeanor;
(2) More than
one-half one ounce but not more than five pounds one pound of marijuana is
guilty of a Class 5 felony 1
(3) More than one pound but not more than five pounds of marijuana is guilty of a Class 6 felony;
than five pounds of marijuana is guilty of a Class 5 felony
punishable by imprisonment of not less than five
nor more than 30 years.
If such person proves that he gave,
distributed or possessed with intent to give or distribute marijuana only as an
accommodation to another individual and not with intent to profit thereby from
any consideration received or expected nor to induce the recipient or intended
recipient of the marijuana to use or become addicted to or dependent upon such
shall be is guilty
of a Class 1 3
(b) Any person who gives
, or distributes
or possesses marijuana as an
accommodation and not with intent to profit thereby, to an inmate of a state or
local correctional facility as defined in § 53.1-1, or in the custody of an
employee thereof shall be is guilty of a Class 4 felony.
(c) Any person who manufactures marijuana, or possesses
marijuana with the intent to manufacture such substance, not for his own use is
guilty of a
punishable by imprisonment of not less than five nor more than 30 years and a
fine not to exceed $10,000
Class 1 misdemeanor.
There shall be a rebuttable presumption that any person who manufactures marijuana, or possesses marijuana with the intent to manufacture such substance, and who so manufactures or possesses no more than six marijuana plants, manufactures or possesses it for his own use. Any person who so manufactures or possesses marijuana for his own use shall be subject to the penalty provisions of § 18.2-250.1.
(d) When a person is convicted of a third or subsequent felony offense under this section and it is alleged in the warrant, indictment or information that he has been before convicted of two or more felony offenses under this section or of substantially similar offenses in any other jurisdiction which offenses would be felonies if committed in the Commonwealth and such prior convictions occurred before the date of the offense alleged in the warrant, indictment or information, he shall be sentenced to imprisonment for life or for any period not less than five years, five years of which shall be a mandatory minimum term of imprisonment to be served consecutively with any other sentence, and he shall be fined not more than $500,000.
§ 18.2-250.1. Possession of marijuana unlawful; civil penalty.
A. It is unlawful for any person knowingly or intentionally to possess marijuana unless the substance was obtained directly from, or pursuant to, a valid prescription or order of a practitioner while acting in the course of his professional practice, or except as otherwise authorized by the Drug Control Act (§ 54.1-3400 et seq.). The attorney for the Commonwealth or the county, city, or town attorney may prosecute such a case. Any violation of this section may be charged by summons.
Upon the prosecution of a person for violation of this section, ownership or occupancy of the premises or vehicle upon or in which marijuana was found shall not create a presumption that such person either knowingly or intentionally possessed such marijuana.
Any person who violates this section
be guilty of a misdemeanor, and be confined in jail not more than thirty days
and a fine of not more than $500, either or both; any person, upon a second or
subsequent conviction of a violation of this section, shall be guilty of a
Class 1 misdemeanor is subject to a civil
penalty of no more than $100 payable to the
B. The provisions of this section shall not apply to members of state, federal, county, city or town law-enforcement agencies, jail officers, or correctional officers, as defined in § 53.1-1, certified as handlers of dogs trained in the detection of controlled substances when possession of marijuana is necessary for the performance of their duties.
§ 18.2-251. Persons charged with first offense may be placed on probation; conditions; substance abuse screening, assessment treatment and education programs or services; drug tests; costs and fees; violations; discharge.
Whenever any person who has not previously been convicted of
any criminal offense under this
article or under any statute of the United States or of any state relating to
narcotic drugs, marijuana, or stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic drugs,
or has not previously had a proceeding against him for violation of such an
offense dismissed as provided in this section, pleads guilty to or enters a
plea of not guilty to possession of a controlled substance under § 18.2-250
or to possession of marijuana under § 18.2-250.1,
the court, upon such plea if the facts found by the court would justify a
finding of guilt, without entering a judgment of guilt and with the consent of
the accused, may defer further proceedings and place him on probation upon
terms and conditions.
As a term or condition, the court shall require the accused to undergo a substance abuse assessment pursuant to § 18.2-251.01 or 19.2-299.2, as appropriate, and enter treatment and/or education program or services, if available, such as, in the opinion of the court, may be best suited to the needs of the accused based upon consideration of the substance abuse assessment. The program or services may be located in the judicial district in which the charge is brought or in any other judicial district as the court may provide. The services shall be provided by (i) a program licensed by the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, by a similar program which is made available through the Department of Corrections, (ii) a local community-based probation services agency established pursuant to § 9.1-174, or (iii) an ASAP program certified by the Commission on VASAP.
The court shall require the person entering such program under the provisions of this section to pay all or part of the costs of the program, including the costs of the screening, assessment, testing, and treatment, based upon the accused's ability to pay unless the person is determined by the court to be indigent.
As a condition of probation, the court shall require the accused (i) to successfully complete treatment or education program or services, (ii) to remain drug and alcohol free during the period of probation and submit to such tests during that period as may be necessary and appropriate to determine if the accused is drug and alcohol free, (iii) to make reasonable efforts to secure and maintain employment, and (iv) to comply with a plan of at least 100 hours of community service for a felony and up to 24 hours of community service for a misdemeanor. Such testing shall be conducted by personnel of the supervising probation agency or personnel of any program or agency approved by the supervising probation agency.
The court shall, unless done at arrest, order the accused to report to the original arresting law-enforcement agency to submit to fingerprinting.
Upon violation of a term or condition, the court may enter an adjudication of guilt and proceed as otherwise provided. Upon fulfillment of the terms and conditions, the court shall discharge the person and dismiss the proceedings against him. Discharge and dismissal under this section shall be without adjudication of guilt and is a conviction only for the purposes of applying this section in subsequent proceedings.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, whenever a court places an individual on probation upon terms and conditions pursuant to this section, such action shall be treated as a conviction for purposes of §§ 18.2-259.1, 22.1-315, and 46.2-390.1, and the driver's license forfeiture provisions of those sections shall be imposed. The provisions of this paragraph shall not be applicable to any offense for which a juvenile has had his license suspended or denied pursuant to § 16.1-278.9 for the same offense.
§ 18.2-252. Suspended sentence conditioned upon substance abuse screening, assessment, testing, and treatment or education.
The trial judge or court trying the case of (i) any person found guilty of
criminal violation of any law concerning the use, in any
manner, of drugs, controlled substances, narcotics, marijuana, noxious chemical
substances and like substances , or (ii) any minor penalized for a violation of §
18.2-250.1 shall condition any suspended sentence or suspension of any penalty by
first requiring such person to agree to undergo a substance abuse screening
pursuant to § 18.2-251.01 and to submit to such periodic substance abuse
testing, to include alcohol testing, as may be directed by the court. Such
testing shall be conducted by the supervising probation agency or by personnel
of any program or agency approved by the supervising probation agency. The cost
of such testing ordered by the court shall be paid by the Commonwealth and
taxed as a part of the costs of such criminal
proceedings. The judge or court shall order the person, as a condition of any
suspended sentence or suspended civil
penalty, to undergo such treatment or education for
substance abuse, if available, as the judge or court deems appropriate based
upon consideration of the substance abuse assessment. The treatment or
education shall be provided by a program or agency licensed by the Department
of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, by a similar program or
services available through the Department of Corrections if the court imposes a
sentence of one year or more or, if the court imposes a sentence of 12 months
or less, by a similar program or services available through a local or regional
jail, a local community-based probation services agency established pursuant to
§ 9.1-174, or an ASAP program certified by the Commission on VASAP.
§ 18.2-255.1. Distribution, sale or display of printed material advertising instruments for use in administering controlled substances to minors; penalty.
It shall be a Class 1 misdemeanor for any person knowingly to
sell, distribute, or display for sale to a minor any book, pamphlet, periodical, or other printed matter which
he knows advertises for sale any instrument, device, article, or contrivance
for advertised use in unlawfully ingesting, smoking, administering, or preparing
or growing marijuana or
a controlled substance.
§ 18.2-258. Certain premises deemed common nuisance; penalty.
Any office, store, shop, restaurant, dance hall, theater,
poolroom, clubhouse, storehouse, warehouse, dwelling house, apartment, building
of any kind, vehicle, vessel, boat, or aircraft, which with the knowledge of
the owner, lessor, agent of any such lessor, manager, chief executive officer,
operator, or tenant thereof, is frequented by persons under the influence of
illegally obtained controlled substances
as defined in § 54.1-3401, or for the purpose of illegally obtaining possession
of, manufacturing or distributing controlled substances or
marijuana, or is used for the illegal possession,
manufacture or distribution of controlled substances or
marijuana shall be deemed a common nuisance. Any such
owner, lessor, agent of any such lessor, manager, chief executive officer,
operator, or tenant who knowingly permits, establishes, keeps or maintains such
a common nuisance is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor and, for a second or
subsequent offense, a Class 6 felony.
§ 18.2-259.1. Forfeiture of driver's license for violations of article.
A. In addition to any other sanction or penalty imposed for a criminal violation of this article, or civil violation of § 18.2-250.1 committed by a juvenile, the (i) judgment of either a conviction under this article , or a civil violation of § 18.2-250.1 by a juvenile, or (ii) placement on probation following deferral of further proceedings under § 18.2-251 or subsection H of § 18.2-258.1 for any such offense shall of itself operate to deprive the person so convicted or placed on probation after deferral of proceedings under § 18.2-251 or subsection H of § 18.2-258.1 of the privilege to drive or operate a motor vehicle, engine, or train in the Commonwealth for a period of six months from the date of such judgment or placement on probation. Such license forfeiture shall be in addition to and shall run consecutively with any other license suspension, revocation or forfeiture in effect or imposed upon the person so convicted or placed on probation. However, a juvenile who has had his license suspended or denied pursuant to § 16.1-278.9 shall not have his license forfeited pursuant to this section for the same offense.
B. The court trying the case shall order any person so convicted or placed on probation or any juvenile so penalized for a civil violation of § 18.2-250.1, to surrender his driver's license to be disposed of in accordance with the provisions of § 46.2-398 and shall notify the Department of Motor Vehicles of any such conviction or judgment entered and of the license forfeiture to be imposed.
C. In those cases where the court determines there are
compelling circumstances warranting an exception, the court may provide that
any individual be issued a restricted license to operate a motor vehicle for
any of the purposes set forth in subsection E of § 18.2-271.1. No restricted
license issued pursuant to this subsection shall permit any person to operate a
commercial motor vehicle as defined in the Virginia Commercial Driver's License
Act (§ 46.2-341.1 et seq.). The court shall order the surrender of such
person's license in accordance with the provisions of subsection B and shall
forward to the Commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehicles a copy of its
order entered pursuant to this subsection. This order shall specifically
enumerate the restrictions imposed and contain such information regarding the
person to whom such a permit is issued as is reasonably necessary to identify
such person. The court shall also provide a copy of its order to such person
who may operate a motor vehicle on the order until receipt from the
Commissioner of the Department of Motor Vehicles of a restricted license, but
only if the order provides for a restricted license for that period. A copy of
the order and, after receipt thereof, the restricted license shall be carried
at all times by such person while operating a motor vehicle. The court may
require a person issued a restricted permit under the provisions of this
subsection to be monitored by an alcohol safety action program during the
period of license suspension. Any violation of the terms of the restricted
license or of any condition set forth by the court related thereto, or any
failure to remain drug-free during such period shall be reported forthwith to
the court by such program. Any person who operates a motor vehicle in violation
of any restriction imposed pursuant to this section
guilty of a violation of § 46.2-301.
§ 18.2-265.3. Penalties for sale, etc., of drug paraphernalia.
A. Any person who sells or possesses with intent to sell drug
paraphernalia, knowing, or under circumstances where one reasonably should
know, that it is either designed for use or intended by such person for use to
illegally plant, propagate, cultivate, grow, harvest, manufacture, compound,
convert, produce, process, prepare, test, analyze, pack, repack, store,
contain, conceal, inject, ingest, inhale, or otherwise introduce into the human
marijuana or a controlled
substance , shall be is guilty
of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
B. Any person
eighteen 18 years of age or older who
violates subsection A hereof
by selling drug paraphernalia to a minor who is at least three years junior to
the accused in age shall be is guilty of a Class 6 felony.
C. Any person
eighteen 18 years of age or older who
distributes drug paraphernalia that he knows, or
reasonably should know, is either designed for use or intended for use to
illegally plant, propagate, cultivate,
grow, harvest, manufacture, compound, convert, produce, process, prepare, test,
analyze, pack, repack, store, contain, conceal, inject, ingest, inhale, or
otherwise introduce marijuana into the
human body to a minor shall
be who he knows or
reasonably should know is at least
three years his junior
is guilty of a Class 1 3 misdemeanor.
§ 18.2-287.2. Wearing of body armor while committing a crime; penalty.
Any person who, while committing a crime of violence as
defined in § 18.2-288 (2) or a felony violation of § 18.2-248 or subdivision
or , 3
or 4 of § 18.2-248.1, has in
his possession a firearm or knife and is wearing body armor designed to
diminish the effect of the impact of a bullet or projectile shall be guilty of
a Class 4 felony.
§ 18.2-308.1:5. Purchase or transportation of firearm by persons convicted of certain drug offenses prohibited.
Any person who, within a 36-consecutive-month period, has been
convicted of two misdemeanor offenses under subsection B of former §
, or § 18.2-250 or who was subjected to a
civil penalty for two or more violations
pursuant to § 18.2-250.1
shall be ineligible to purchase or transport a handgun. However, upon
expiration of a period of five years from the date of the second conviction or civil violation and provided
the person has not been convicted of or the subject of a
civil penalty for any such offense within that period, the
ineligibility shall be removed.
§ 18.2-460. Obstructing justice; penalty.
A. If any person without just cause knowingly obstructs a judge, magistrate, justice, juror, attorney for the Commonwealth, witness, any law-enforcement officer, or animal control officer employed pursuant to § 3.2-6555 in the performance of his duties as such or fails or refuses without just cause to cease such obstruction when requested to do so by such judge, magistrate, justice, juror, attorney for the Commonwealth, witness, law-enforcement officer, or animal control officer employed pursuant to § 3.2-6555, he shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
B. Except as provided in subsection C, any person who, by threats or force, knowingly attempts to intimidate or impede a judge, magistrate, justice, juror, attorney for the Commonwealth, witness, any law-enforcement officer, or an animal control officer employed pursuant to § 3.2-6555 lawfully engaged in his duties as such, or to obstruct or impede the administration of justice in any court, is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
C. If any person by threats of bodily harm or force knowingly
attempts to intimidate or impede a judge, magistrate, justice, juror, attorney
for the Commonwealth, witness, any law-enforcement officer, lawfully engaged in
the discharge of his duty, or to obstruct or impede the administration of
justice in any court relating to a violation of or conspiracy to violate §
18.2-248 or subdivision (a)
(3) (4), (b) or (c) of §
18.2-248.1, or § 18.2-46.2 or § 18.2-46.3, or relating to the violation of or
conspiracy to violate any violent felony offense listed in subsection C of §
17.1-805, he shall be guilty of a Class 5 felony.
D. Any person who knowingly and willfully makes any materially false statement or representation to a law-enforcement officer or an animal control officer employed pursuant to § 3.2-6555 who is in the course of conducting an investigation of a crime by another is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
§ 19.2-386.22. Seizure of property used in connection with or derived from illegal drug transactions.
A. The following property shall be subject to lawful seizure by
any officer charged with enforcing the provisions of Article 1 (§ 18.2-247 et
seq.) of Chapter 7 of Title 18.2: (i) all money, medical equipment, office
equipment, laboratory equipment, motor vehicles, and all other personal and
real property of any kind or character, used in substantial connection with (a)
the illegal manufacture, sale or distribution of controlled substances or
possession with intent to sell or distribute controlled substances in violation
of § 18.2-248, (b) the sale or distribution of marijuana or possession with
intent to distribute more than one pound
of marijuana in violation of
(a)(2), (a)(3) and (c) of §
18.2-248.1, or (c) a drug-related offense in violation of § 18.2-474.1; (ii) everything
of value furnished, or intended to be furnished, in exchange for a controlled
substance in violation of § 18.2-248 or for marijuana in violation of §
18.2-248.1 or for a controlled substance or marijuana in violation of §
18.2-474.1; and (iii) all moneys or other property, real or personal, traceable
to such an exchange, together with any interest or profits derived from the
investment of such money or other property. Under the provisions of clause (i),
real property shall not be subject to lawful seizure unless the minimum
prescribed punishment for the violation is a term of not less than five years.
B. All seizures and forfeitures under this section shall be governed by the procedures contained in Chapter 22.1 (§ 19.2-386.1 et seq.).
§ 46.2-390.1. Required revocation for conviction of drug offenses or deferral of proceedings.
A. Except as otherwise ordered pursuant to § 18.2-259.1, the
Commissioner shall forthwith revoke, and not thereafter reissue for six months
from the later of (i) the date of conviction, date
of judgment for a
violation of § 18.2-250.1 by a juvenile or
deferral of proceedings under § 18.2-251 or (ii) the next date of eligibility
to be licensed, the driver's license, registration card, and license plates of
any resident or nonresident on receiving notification of
(i) (a) his conviction, (ii) or a judgment
for a violation of § 18.2-250.1 by a minor, (b)
his having been found guilty in the case of a juvenile or (iii) (c) the deferral of further
proceedings against him under § 18.2-251 for any violation of any provisions of
Article 1 (§ 18.2-247 et seq.) of Chapter 7 of Title 18.2, or of any state or
federal law or valid county, city or town ordinance, or a law of any other
state substantially similar to provisions of such Virginia laws. Such license
revocation shall be in addition to and shall run consecutively with any other
license suspension, revocation or forfeiture in effect against such person.
B. Any person whose license has been revoked pursuant to this section and § 18.2-259.1 shall be subject to the provisions of §§ 46.2-370 and 46.2-414 and shall be required to pay a reinstatement fee as provided in § 46.2-411 in order to have his license restored.
§ 53.1-203. Felonies by prisoners; penalties.
It shall be unlawful for a prisoner in a state, local or community correctional facility or in the custody of an employee thereof to:
1. Escape from a correctional facility or from any person in charge of such prisoner;
2. Willfully break, cut or damage any building, furniture, fixture or fastening of such facility or any part thereof for the purpose of escaping, aiding any other prisoner to escape therefrom or rendering such facility less secure as a place of confinement;
3. Make, procure, secrete or have in his possession any instrument, tool or other thing for the purpose of escaping from or aiding another to escape from a correctional facility or employee thereof;
4. Make, procure, secrete or have in his possession a knife, instrument, tool or other thing not authorized by the superintendent or sheriff which is capable of causing death or bodily injury;
5. Procure, sell, secrete or have in his possession any chemical compound which he has not lawfully received;
6. Procure, sell, secrete or have in his possession a controlled
substance classified in Schedule III of the Drug Control Act (§ 54.1-3400 et
6a. Procure, sell, secrete, or have in his possession marijuana;
7. Introduce into a correctional facility or have in his possession firearms or ammunition for firearms;
8. Willfully burn or destroy by use of any explosive device or substance, in whole or in part, or cause to be so burned or destroyed, any personal property, within any correctional facility;
9. Willfully tamper with, damage, destroy, or disable any fire protection or fire suppression system, equipment, or sprinklers within any correctional facility; or
10. Conspire with another prisoner or other prisoners to commit any of the foregoing acts.
For violation of any of the provisions of this section, except
subdivision 6, the prisoner
shall be is guilty of a Class 6 felony.
For a violation of subdivision 6, he shall be is guilty of a Class 5 felony.
If the violation is of subdivision 1 of this section
and the escapee is a felon, he shall be sentenced to a mandatory minimum term
of confinement of one year, which shall be served consecutively with any other
sentence. The prisoner shall, upon conviction of escape, immediately commence
to serve such escape sentence, and he shall not be eligible for parole during
such period. Any prisoner sentenced to life imprisonment who escapes shall not
be eligible for parole. No part of the time served for escape shall be credited
for the purpose of parole toward the sentence or sentences, the service of
which is interrupted for service of the escape sentence, nor shall it be
credited for such purpose toward any other sentence.