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2013 SESSION


CHAPTER 532
An Act to amend the Code of Virginia by adding a section numbered 54.1-2970.1, relating to individual incapable of making informed decision; procedure for physical evidence recovery kit examination.
[S 1006]
Approved March 18, 2013

 

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia:

1.  That the Code of Virginia is amended by adding a section numbered 54.1-2970.1 as follows:

54.1-2970.1. Individual incapable of making informed decision; procedure for physical evidence recovery kit examination.

A. A licensed physician, physician assistant, nurse practitioner, or registered nurse may perform a physical evidence recovery kit examination for a person who is believed to be the victim of a sexual assault and who is incapable of making an informed decision regarding consent to such examination when:

1. There is a need to conduct the examination before the victim is likely to be able to make an informed decision in order to preserve physical evidence of the alleged sexual assault from degradation;

2. No legally authorized representative or other person authorized to consent to medical treatment on the individual's behalf is reasonably available to provide consent within the time necessary to preserve physical evidence of the alleged sexual assault; and

3. A capacity reviewer, as defined in 54.1-2982, provides written certification that, based upon a personal examination of the individual, the individual is incapable of making an informed decision regarding the physical evidence recovery kit examination and that, given the totality of the circumstances, the examination should be performed. The capacity reviewer who provides such written certification shall not be otherwise currently involved in the treatment of the person assessed, unless an independent capacity reviewer is not reasonably available.

B. Any physical evidence recovery kit examination performed pursuant to this section shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of 19.2-11.2 and 19.2-165.1 and shall protect the alleged victim's identity.

C. A licensed physician, physician assistant, nurse practitioner, or registered nurse who exercises due care under the provisions of this act shall not be liable for any act or omission related to performance of an examination in accordance with this section.